The Idea of a University
By John Henry Cardinal Newman
Cardinal Newman succinctly states his cogent presentation regarding a University in the preface:
“THE view taken of a University in these Discourses is the following:—That it is a place of teaching universal knowledge. This implies that its object is, on the one hand, intellectual, not moral; and, on the other, that it is the diffusion and extension of knowledge rather than the advancement. If its object were scientific and philosophical discovery, I do not see why a University should have students; if religious training, I do not see how it can be the seat of literature and science.
Such is a University in its essence, and independently of its relation to the Church. But, practically speaking, it cannot fulfil its object duly, such as I have described it, without the Church’s assistance; or, to use the theological term, the Church is necessary for its integrity. Not that its main characters are changed by this incorporation: it still has the office of intellectual education; but the Church steadies it in the performance of that office.”
Part 1 covers University Teaching, including chapters discussing Theology and Knowledge. Part 2, on University Subjects, includes chapters such as: Christianity and Letters, Literature, Christianity and Physical Science, and Christianity and Scientific Investigation.